How To Select Research Philosophy For Your PhD Dissertation

Thursday, 28 May 2020

How To Select Research Philosophy
Philosophy of science is a vast subject and we will not be addressing this issue in great detail here. In Bachelor's-level business and economics dissertations, you are not supposed to address research philosophy in great detail and typically suffice only one paragraph in the research philosophy chapter of the methodology. For a Masters-level or PhD business dissertation, you may need to provide more discussion of your study's philosophy, but even there, your supervisor has to accept about two pages of discussions as sufficient. There are four major research philosophy trends which many authors of PhD dissertation writing services identify and address in the works: positivist research philosophy, interpretive research philosophy, pragmatist research philosophy, and realistic research philosophy. Within your dissertation the description of study theory will include the following:
  • The research philosophy of your study must be specified. As discussed below, the study theory can be pragmatism, positivism, realism, or interpretative.
  • You need to include the explanations behind the study's philosophical classifications.
  • You need to address the effects of your research methodology on the overall research approach and in particular the selection of primary data collection methods.

Interpretive Research Philosophy:
Interpretivism, also known as interpretative, involves researchers to interpret elements of the study, thus integrating interpretative into a study of human interest. Accordingly, interpretive researchers assume that it is only through social constructions such as language, consciousness, shared meanings, and instruments that access to reality (given or socially constructed). The development of interpretative theory is based on the criticism of the social sciences of positivism. This philosophy emphasizes therefore qualitative analysis over quantitative analysis.


Interpretivism is synonymous with the philosophical stance of idealism and is used to group numerous methods, including social constructivism, phenomenology, and hermeneutics; alternatives that reject the objectivist view that meaning is independent of awareness throughout the universe. The development of interpretative theory is based on the criticism of the social sciences of positivism. This philosophy emphasizes therefore qualitative analysis over quantitative analysis. Interpretivism is synonymous with the philosophical stance of idealism and is used to group numerous methods, including social constructivism, phenomenology, and hermeneutics; alternatives that reject the objectivist view that meaning is independent of awareness throughout the universe

Positivist Research Philosophy:
It says the social world can be understood in an empirical way. The scientist is an impartial observer in this research philosophy and on its basis, dissociates himself from personal beliefs and works independently. The opposite of the above research theory is the Interpretivism research philosophy, where a researcher notes that it is not easy to understand the social world based on the values. The theory of Interpretivism research says the social world can be viewed subjectively. Here the greatest attention is paid to understanding how people perceive the social environment. Interpretivist theory of science is founded upon the idea that the researcher plays a particular role in analyzing the social world. The work is based on this research methodology, which relies on what the priorities of the researcher are.

Pragmatist Research Philosophy:
It is about reality. This says the option of the philosophy of research is often dictated by the question of science. The practical results are deemed significant in this theory of science. Additionally, pragmatism does not belong to any conceptual structure and truth according to Alghamdi and Li. Investigators are free to choose. We are "free" to select the methods, strategies, and procedures best suited to their needs and the goals of scientific research. Pragmatists don't believe the universe to be total harmony. The truth is what is in motion at the moment; it does not rely on the mind that is not subject to fact and duality of mind.


Realistic Research Philosophy:
This is founded upon the ideals of the theories of positivist and interpretive science. The realistic philosophy of research is based on hypotheses that are necessary for the understanding of human subjective nature. Positivism, as a theory, adheres to the belief that only "factual" knowledge gained by observation (the senses), including measurement, is true. To positivism studies, the researcher's function is limited to an analytical way to data collection and analysis. Experimental results of these types of studies are typically measurable and quantifiable. Positivism relies on conclusions that are quantifiable and contribute to statistical analysis. It was noted that "as a philosophy, positivism conforms to the empiricist theory that intelligence derives from human experience. This has an atomic, ontological world view that involves distinct, measurable elements and events that interact in a measurable, defined, and routine manner.
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